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I’m an evolutionary and behavioral ecologist studying how organisms respond to rapid changes in their environment, both natural and anthropogenic. I’m especially interested in how responses on different timescales interact with each other, from the near-immediate response provided by behavior, to within-generation phenotypic plasticity, to the multiple-generations required for adaptive evolution. Since you can’t study everything at once, most of my research has focused on temperature—because it’s ubiquitous, highly variable, and affects most aspects of biology—and insects—for many of the same reasons. I do so by combining field and museum-based observational studies with field and lab experiments on live organisms.

Currently, I’m a postdoctoral researcher at Stockholm University working with Karl Gotthard studying how diapause varies in a variety of butterfly species and contexts. Previously, I was a postdoc at the University of North Carolina in the lab of Joel Kingsolver where I studied evolution of seasonal plasticity in Colias eurytheme butterflies in response to climate change. Prior to that, I received my PhD in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Arizona, where I worked with Dan Papaj studying the interactions between color plasticity and behavior in thermoregulation by Battus philenor caterpillars. During the latter part of my dissertation, I also spent time working with Johanna Mappes at the University of Jyväskylä looking at how color and behavior jointly affect temperature and predation risk in Artica plantaginis caterpillars.